2) Objectives and strategies - Вопрос 17-3/2: Ход деятельности в области электронного правительства и определение...
2) Objectives and strategies
Since the 1990s, e-procurement has been viewed as one of the most important agenda in the reform of the public sector. The KONEPS project was selected as one of new reform initiatives in January 2001 by the Government Innovation Committee to enhance efficiency and transparency of government procurement. Related government departments including the Ministry of Planning and Budget, Public Procurement Service (PPS) and those interested groups such as vendors, internet technology companies, and public enterprises got involved in the discussion on how to innovate the public procurement through IT applications. The discussion dealt with planning, setting directions of procurement process innovation for public institutions and how to reduce the cost of procurement.
There has been a decision that individual departments should not develop an electronic procurement system separately. Instead, it was proposed to develop a standard system to be implemented with customization. “Guideline on prevention of duplicate development” was announced in June 2001 to avoid budget waste. In driving the e-government projects, the revision of law and regulation is no less important than building system itself.
3) Implementation and Technologies
Targeting improving efficiency and transparency in the public procurement process, PPS implemented the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) system in 1999, e-Bidding system in 2000, and e-Payment system in 2001. While the individually developed systems in the consecutive years yielded productive results in the targeted areas, the absence of an all-inclusive single window for public procurement still left the users with inconveniences.
A framework to put electronic procurement into action was established in January 2002. In February 2002, PPS decided on a plan and selected a main contractor based on the evaluation of technical skills and estimated expense proposed by several system integrators. It also set the direction of development through analysing procurement work process and collecting opinions of related agencies in the workshop. The system opened in September 2002, along with user training, revision of laws, and updating regulations.
In the case of electronic procurement system, the revision of law and regulation was not difficult because there has been a consensus on the direction of revision in the course of setting up a framework and the range of revision was not so wide.
The infrastructure technology of building KONEPS is composed of Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)-based electronic signature, document security technology, electronic data interchange standards, and building large-scale web service. These technologies enable mission critical e-business to be safe and stable. KONEPS operates on the highest level of security.
For network security, it is equipped with dual firewalls, intrusion detection system, and security solutions. Intranet is separated from extranet, the login access and program modification history is automatically managed and program modifications are monitored online by an independent third party entity. For maximum compatibility with other system, its establishment and operation should comply with the open standards. Adopting business registration number (used in taxation) as company ID number, administrative standard institution code (used in administration) as institution ID number is a few illustrations.
Previously each government agency has used an independent ID number, so to connect with the systems it was indispensable to use translation table for compatibility. Since the number of institutions using KONEPS is huge, and KONEPS needs to link with tens of other external systems, applying and complying with open standards is a precondition for successful system building.
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